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23. Januar 2009 5 23 /01 /Januar /2009 18:07
Bangladesh earns Tk 1636cr by exporting plastic products


The country had earned a total of Taka 1636.76 crore in 2006-2007 by exporting plastic products.

"Plastic industries have immense potential where about five lakh people are employed," Shamim Ahmed, general secretary of Bangladesh Plastic Goods Manufacturers Association (BPGMEA) said while talking to BSS yesterday.

He said at present only 20 percent of the potential of the country's plastic industries is being used. The domestic demand of plastic products was 5.40 tonnes in 2005 and the demand is growing at an annual rate of 20 percent.

There are 2,997 plastic industries in the country, of which 52 are large scale, 980 medium and 1,965 small.

Of the total plastic industries, 381 are hundred percent export-oriented. Among the plastic industries, 65 percent are based in Dhaka while 20 percent in Chittagong, 10 percent in Narayanganj and five percent are in Khulna, Comilla, Bogra and Rajshahi. Presently Bangladesh has been exporting plastic items to Italy, New Zealand, Poland, China, UK, Belgium, France, Germany, USA, Canada, Spain, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Australia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and other countries.

The BPGMEA sources said Bangladesh is now exporting plastic shopping bags, garbage bags, butcher bags, oven sacks, industrial films, PVC pipes, polythene sheet, plastic hanger, hand gloves, ropes, plastic waste, V-belt, toys, electronic switches, polyester thread, computer accessories, video/audio cassette, melamine table ware, toothbrush, ball pen and artificial flower etc.

Plastic products are popularly used as household items, table ware, kitchen ware, office equipment, toiletries, packaging, building materials, engineering parts, industrial equipment, agricultural product, poultry and fishing, automobile and cycle parts, electronics, textiles articles and musical products.

Referring to various demands of the BPGMEA, Shamim Ahmed said withdrawal of 100 percent bank guarantee is necessary for smooth running of the plastic industries. Process is going on to set up a plastic industrial estate but getting environment clearance certificate should be made easier in this regard, he said.

The BPGMEA sources said plastic is a wonder of polymer chemistry, have become an indispensable part of modern life. At the same time, its disposal is being viewed as a matter of environmental concern, since plastic is not biodegradable.

Bangladesh do not have polymer industry, despite having facilities of using natural gas. As all polymer raw materials are imported and there is a scope of recycling waste plastics which could be a way to protect the environment.

With the growth of plastic manufacturing sector, plastic industries have been successfully exporting plastic products to the developed countries.

Nearly hundred percent of the plastic packaging materials used by the exporters of Bangladesh are being supplied by the local plastic industries, in the form of deemed export. The volume use of plastic products is growing with the development of the country. Volume of plastic wastes is also increasing. At least, 60 percent of plastic wastes are being recycled in the country that save about 400 million US dollar per year cutting import of resin.

Since plastic is not bio-degradable, it is essential to promote recycling of plastic waste and to reach 100 percent recycling of such wastes, the source added.


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