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21. Juni 2009 7 21 /06 /Juni /2009 17:38

Gurus


Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan

Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan Sahab was one of the pillars of Agra Gharana. He was the son of Ustad Nathan Khan and was born around 1890. He lost his father at an early age and was adopted by Ustad Mahamad Baksh. He received talim from many ustads and eventually became a great name. He was a court musician of Jaipu and Mysore for sometime. He also stayed in Mimbai for a long time and taught many students. He received the title of "Sangeetacharya" from Mysore Darbar and "Sangeet Ratnakar" from Allahabad Sangeet Parishad. In later years he was appointed as a Sangeet Salhakar (Advisor) to All India Radio. He had composed many kheyals specially in rare ragas in the pen name of Pran Pia. He was also a poet and composed poems and gazals in the name of "Shafaque". His eldest son Ustad Yunus Hussain Khan kept up the tradition after his demise in 1962.



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Ustad Ata Hussain Khan

Ustad Ata Hussain Khan (1898- 1980) was the eldest son of Ustad Mehboob Hussain Khan better known as Daras Piya - the legendary musician composer of Atrauli. Ustad Ata Hussain Khan received his "Talim" from his father and after his death, from his brother - in- law Ustad Faiyyaz Khan. He accompanied his guru for 25 years with devotion and loyalty. His voice and style resembled that of his teacher but at the same time he had some original creations specially in the field of bot tans. His vocal support to Faiyyaz Khan Sahab in 78 rpm recording Darbari bear ample testimony to this. While in Baroda he was appointed a teacher of Pt. Bhat Kande's Music School and he was given his pen name "Ratan Pia" by Bhatkandeji.. He had composed many bandishes under this pen name "Ratan Pia". Ustad Ata Hussain Khan had many students in Baroda and later in Kolkata. In fact most of Faiyyaz Khan Sahab's students were groomed by him.

In Kolkata he stayed first with the Kolay Family and then moved to Mahishadal House of the Gargas. Khan Sahab was a top gradeurudite musician. Yet he was a simple man and ascetic by nature.

Ustad Sharafat Hussain Khan

Sharafat Hussain Khan (1930 - 1985) was amongst the most brilliant Khayal vocalists of the post - independence era. He represented the Agra Gharana (stylistic lineage) , and was unanimously regarded as the most illustrious heir to the legacy of his principal mentor, the legendary Ustad Faiyyaz Khan (1886 - 1950) .

Sharafat Hussain Khan was born in July, 1930, to Ustad Liaquat Hussain Khan, a court musician in the erstwhile Jaipur State, and Alla Rakhi Beghum. From his father's side, Sharafat was a descendant of Inayet Hussain Khan (1845 - 1936), founder of Atrauli Gharana, and from his mother's side, and of his maternal grandfather Mehboob Khan (Daras Piya) , also of the Atrauli Gharana, but whose music was greatly influenced by the Rangile Gharana of his mother's family, founded by Ramzan Khan (1759 - 1806). In early childhood, Sharafat was trained by his father. When Sharafat was only eight years old, his prodigious talent impressed the legendary Faiyyaz Khan during one of his visits to Atrauli. The maestro, without a son despite three marriages, adopted Sharafat, and took away forthwith to Baroda to groom him as his heir.

Sharafat was a child prodigy, who rose meteorically after his adoption by Faiyyaz Khan. At the age of eight, he made a stunning debut at the influential Matunga Music Circle in Mumbai. This triggered off invitations to perform at the All India Music Conference at Allahabad, and the All Bengal Conference in Kolkata. When he was eleven, he was hailed as the "Rising Sun" of vocalism at the Gaya Conference.By the age of twelve, he has made his first disc with HMV/ EMI, and topped the prestigious Baroda State Music Competition. 

Sharafat was only 20, when Faiyyaz Khan died. Thereafter, he started studying with his maternal uncle, Ustad Ata Hussain Khan of the allied Atrauli - Bangile Lineage. Soon thereafter, he acquired a third guide - his scholarly father - in - law, Vilayat Hussain Khan of the Agra Lineage. Thus, like his foster - father, Sharafat Hussain came to represent a magnificent confluence of three intimately connected lineages - Agra, Atrauli, and Rangile.

While still in his 30s, Sharafat became amongst the busiest vocalists in India, and enjoyed a continuous run of sucess for two decades (1965 - 1985). Along with popularity came the honours. He was made an Honorary Fellow of the Performing Arts Academy of Uttar Pradesh (Northern Provinces) and decorated with the Padma Shree by the President of India. In 1985, Sangeet Natak Akademi ( The National Performing Arts Academy) held a special ceremony to honour him shortly before he succumbed to lung cancer at the age of 55. He also got a Tansen Award.

                                  

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