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25. September 2010 6 25 /09 /September /2010 20:59

Yusuf Khan (Hindi: यूसुफ़ ख़ान) (born 11 December 1922), popularly known as Dilip Kumar (Hindi: दिलीप कुमार) is an Indian actor and a former Member of Parliament. He lives in Pali Hill in the Mumbai suburb of Bandra.

Starting his career in 1944, Kumar has starred in films of the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s and 1980s. He was the first actor to receive a Filmfare Best Actor Award and holds the record for most number of Filmfare Awards won for that category. He starred in a wide variety of roles such as the romantic Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling Aan (1952), the dramatic Devdas (1955), the comical Azaad (1955), the historical romance Mughal E Azam (1960) and the social Ganga Jamuna (1961). In 1976 Kumar had a five-year break from film performances. In 1981 he returned with a character role in the film Kranti and continued his career playing central character roles in films such as Shakti (1982), Karma (1986) and Saudagar (1991) his last film was Qila in 1998.


Early life

Dilip Kumar was born Muhammad Yusuf Khan at Mohallah Khudadad, in Qissa Khwani Bazaar in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa formerly North West Frontier Province, British India (part of Pakistan since 1947). He was born to a Pathan family with twelve children. His father, Lala Ghulam Sarwar, was a fruit merchant who owned large orchards in Peshawar and Deolali in Maharashtra near Nashik. The family relocated to Mumbai in the 1930s and in the early 1940s Yusuf Khan moved to Pune and started a canteen business and supplying dried fruits.

In 1943, actress Devika Rani, who was also the wife of the founder of the Bombay Talkies film studio, Himanshu Rai, helped Khan's entry into the Bollywood film industry. Hindi Author Bhagwati Charan Varma gave him the screen name Dilip Kumar and gave him the leading role in his film Jwar Bhata (1944). Devika Rani and her husband Svetoslav Roerich spotted Khan in one of Pune's Aundh military canteens.

[edit] Career

His first film with Nisar Bhai and Hamed Bhai Jwar Bhata was released in 1944. In 1947 he appeared in the film Jugnu. In 1949, he co-starred with Raj Kapoor in the romantic melodrama Andaz, and in 1955 he co-starred with Dev Anand in Insaniyat. He appeared in Deedar (1951), Amar (1954), Devdas (1955) and Madhumati (1958).

He also played lighthearted roles such as a swashbuckling peasant in Aan (1952) and a comic role in Azaad (1955). In 1960 he starred in the historical film Mughal-e-Azam which as of 2008 was the second highest grossing film in Hindi film history[1]. He played the role of the Mughal crown-prince Salim.

In 1961 he produced and starred in Ganga Jamuna in which he and his real-life brother Nasir Khan played the title roles. In 1962 British director David Lean offered him the role of Sherif Ali in his 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia, but Kumar declined the part.[citation needed] The role eventually went to Omar Sharif, the Egyptian actor. In the mid 1960s, he played a dual role of twins separated at birth in the film Ram Aur Shyam (1967).

In the 1976 film Bairaag he played triple roles.

In 1981 he returned to film with Kranti. He went onto play character roles in films including Shakti (1982), Vidhaata (1982), Mashaal (1984) and Karma (1986). In 1993 he won the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award. He was awarded the best actor in Shakti in 1982[citation needed].

In 1996 he was attached to make his directorial debut with a film titled Kalinga but the film was shelved. In 1998 he made his last film appearance in Qila. His films Mughal-E-Azam and Naya Daur were fully colorized and re-released.

[edit] Public life

Kumar has been active in efforts to bring the people of India and Pakistan closer together. He has been a member of the upper house of Parliament since 2000.

He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1994. In 1998 he was awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, the highest civilian award conferred by the government of Pakistan. He is the second Indian to receive the award. At the time of the Kargil War, Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray demanded Kumar return his Nishan-e-Pakistan, arguing that "He must return Nishan-e-Imtiaz following that country's blatant aggression on Indian soil."[2]. Kumar refused, saying:

"This award was given to me for the humane activities to which I have dedicated myself. I have worked for the poor, I have worked for many years to bridge the cultural and communal gaps between India and Pakistan. Politics and religion have created these boundaries. I have striven to bring the two people together in whatever way I could. Tell me, what does any of this have to do with the Kargil conflict?"[3]

[edit] Personal life

Kumar married actress and beauty queen Saira Banu.

His brothers are Nasir Khan, Ehsan Khan and Aslam Khan. Kumar's younger brother Nasir Khan was also an actor and appeared opposite him in Ganga Jamuna (1961) and Bairaag (1976).

[edit] Awards

Kumar has received many awards throughout his career, including 8 Filmfare Award for Best Actor awards and 19 nominations. He was honoured with the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993. The Government of India honoured him with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1994 - the highest award for cinematic excellence in India. In 1980, he was appointed Sheriff of Mumbai, an honorary position. In 1991, he was awarded Padma Bhushan from the Government of India. In 1997, Kumar was awarded, Nishan-e-Pakistan, Pakistan's highest civilian award.

He received in 1997 the NTR National Award. He was also awarded CNN-IBN Indian of the Year - Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009.

[edit] Filmography

Acting filmography
Jwar Bhata (1944) Jagdish
Pratima (1945)  
Milan (1947) Ramesh
Jugnu (1947) Sooraj
Shaheed (1948) Ram
Nadiya Ke Paar (1948)  
Mela (1948) Mohan
Ghar Ki Izzat (1948) Chanda
Anokha Pyar (1948) Ashok
Shabnam (1949) Manoj
Andaz (1949) Dilip
Jogan (1950) Vijay
Babul (1950) Ashok
Arzoo (1950) Badal
Tarana (1951) Motilal
Hulchul (1951) Kishore
Deedar (1951) Shamu
Sangdil (1952) Shankar
Daag (1952) Shankar
Aan (1952) Jai Tilak
Shikast (1953) Dr. Ram Singh
Footpath (1953) Noshu
Amar (1954) Amarnath
Udan Khatola (1955)  
Insaniyat (1955)  
Devdas (1955) Devdas
Azaad (1955)  
Naya Daur (1957) Shankar
Musafir (1957)  
Yahudi (1958) Prince Marcus
Madhumati (1958) Anand/ Deven
Paigham (1959) Ratan Lal
Kohinoor (1960)  
Mughal-E-Azam (1960) Prince Salim
Gunga Jumna (1961) Gunga
Leader (1964) Vijay Khanna
Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966) Sahnkar/Rajasaheb
Ram Aur Shyam (1967) Ram/ Shyam
Sunghursh (1968)  
Sadhu Aur Shaitan (1968)  
Aadmi (1968) Rajesh/ Raja Saheb
Sagina Mahato (1970)  
Gopi (1970) Gopi
Daastan (1972) Anil/Sunil
Anokha Milan (1972)  
Sagina (1974)  
Phir Kab Milogi (1974)  
Bairaag (1976)  
Kranti (1981) Sanga/Kranti
Vidhaata (1982) Shamsher Singh
Shakti (1982) Ashvini Kumar
Mazdoor (1983) Dinanath Saxena
Duniya (1984) Mohan Kumar
Mashaal (1984) Vinod Kumar
Dharam Adhikari (1986)  
Karma (1986) Vishwanath Pratab Singh aka Rana
Kanoon Apna Apna (1989)  
Izzatdaar (1990) Brahmadutt
Aag Ka Dariya (1990)  
Saudagar (1991) Thakur Veer Singh
Qila (1998) Jaganath/Amarnath Singh
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