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4. November 2013 1 04 /11 /November /2013 01:50

Renewable Energy Projects

IDCOL Solar Energy Program

IDCOL promotes dissemination of solar home system (SHS) in the remote rural areas of Bangladesh through its Solar Energy Program with the financial support from the World Bank, Global Environment Facility (GEF), KfW, GTZ, Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank. IDCOL started the program in January 2003 and its initial target was to finance 50,000 SHSs by the end of June 2008. The target was achieved in September 2005, 3 years ahead of schedule and US $ 2.0 million below estimated project cost. IDCOL then revised its target and decided to finance 200,000 SHSs by the end of 2009. This was also achieved by May 2009. Then IDCOL’s target is to finance 1 million SHSs by the end of year 2012. Up to January 2013, a total of 1,938,957 SHSs have already been installed under the program.

IDCOL’s Solar Energy Program is one of the fastest growing renewable energy programs in the world. It has brought in positive changes in the livelihood of remote rural areas of Bangladesh by providing access to electricity. Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relation Committee of the United States, John Kerry in his speech at the World Bank Head office on 19 November 2009 mentioned IDCOL Solar Home System (SHS) project as a good example of literally life-altering project of the World Bank.

IDCOL implements the program through 46 partner organizations (POs) namely:

• Grameen Shakti 
• BRAC Foundation 
• Srizony Bangladesh 
• COAST Trust 
• Thengamara Mahila Shabuj Shangha 
• Integrated Development Foundation 
• Centre For Mass Education in Science 
• Upokulio Bidyuatayon O Mohila Unnayan Shamity 
• Shubashati 
• Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy
• Padakhep Manbik Unnayan Kendra 
• Palli Daridra Bimochan Foundation 
• Hilful Fuzul Samaj Kalyan Sangstha 
• Rural Services Foundation
• Network for Universal Services and Rural Advancement (NUSRA)
• Al-Falah Aam Unnayan Sangstha (AFAUS)
• Association for Village Advancement (AVA)
• DABI Moulik Unnayan Sangstha
• Ingen Technology Ltd.
• Rimso Foundation
• Rural Energy and Development Initiative (REDI)
• Green Housing & Energy Limited (GHEL)
• Shakti Foundation for Disadvantages Women (SFDW)
• Association for Development Activity of Manifold Social Work (ADAMS)
• Resource Development Foundation (RDF)
• RISDA Bangladesh
• Bright Green Energy Foundation (BGEF)
• SolarEn Foundation (SEF)
• Patakuri Soceity
• Xenergeia International Ltd. (XIL)
• Page Development Center
• Jagorani Chakra Foundation
• UDDIPAN, United Development Initiatives for program Actions
• Friends in Village Development Bangladesh (FIVDP)
• Atmabiswas
• Pally Bikash Kendra (PBK)
• Sancred Welfare Foundation (SWF)
• Rural Development Sangstha (RDS)
• Clean Energy Foundation (CEF)
• Panna Rural Development Foundation
• Samaj Unnayon Palli Sangstha (SDRS)
• MAKS Renewable Energy Company Limited
• SAIF Powertec Limited (SPL)
• Sun Home Energy Limited
• Hamko Corporation Limited
• SunRim Energy Limited
• Polli SHakti Foundation Limited

SHSs are sold (mostly through micro-credit) by POs to the households and business entities in the off-grid areas of Bangladesh. IDCOL provides refinancing facility to the POs and also channels grants to reduce the SHS cost as well as support the institutional development of the POs. In addition, it provides technical, logistic, promotional and training assistance to the POs. 

250 kW Biomass Based Power Plant Project

IDCOL financed a 250 kW Biomass based power plant at Kapasia, Gazipur. IDCOL provided concessionary loans and grants to Dreams Power Private Limited (DPPL), the Project Sponsor, for setting up the plant. Total cost of this project is Tk. 2.50 crore. The plant uses locally available agricultural residues i.e. rice husk as fuel for power generation. Ankur Scientific Energy Technologies Pvt. Ltd, India is the equipment supplier of the project.

Being located in an un electrified area, the plant is expected to supply environment friendly grid quality power to 300 households and commercial entities of that area.

400 KW Biomass Based Gasification Plant

IDCOL’s is financing a 400-kW rice husk gasification based power generation facility along with a precipitated silica plant at Chilarong, Thakurgaon sadar, Thakurgaon. IDCOL provided concessionary loans to Sustainable Energy & Agro-resource Limited (SEAL), the Project Sponsor, for setting up the plant. Total cost of this project is BDT 64.25 million. The plant will use locally available agricultural residues i.e. rice husk as fuel for power generation. Orbit, India is the turn key solution provider of the project. Once completed, the annual silica production capacity of the plant is expected to be 918 tonne. Generated electricity from the Project will be supplied to the adjacent silica production plant with a captive consumption of 75kW. The project may also supply power to a nearby poultry hatchery (minimum requirement 300kW), thirty irrigation pumps (10kW each) and/or numerous rice mills in the area. 
This Project of generating electricity using gasification process will ensure efficient and environment friendly utilization of rice husk. Moreover, the Project will also produce a high value by-product such as precipitated silica. Precipitated silica is used in rubber, toothpaste and other chemical industries, and currently almost the entire local demand is met through imports. Therefore, apart from generating power from renewable sources, the Project is also expected to save the country’s hard earned foreign currency.

Biogas Based Electricity Generation Plants

IDCOL is financing setting up of three biogas based electricity generation plants, one in Mymensingh and two in Gazipur, and one organic fertilizer plant in Gazipur by Paragon Agro Ltd. Electricity generated from these plants will be supplied to the adjacent poultry farms of Paragon Poultry Ltd. (PPL) at BDT 4 / kWh, while organic fertilizer will be sold in the market at BDT 15 per 1 Kg packet and BDT 400 per 40 Kg packet Total project cost is BDT 149.40 million.

Poultry waste supplied by Paragon Poultry Limited, a sister concern of Paragon Agro Limited, will be used as feed material in the biogas digesters for production of gas which after purification will be used to run three 100kW, and one 50kW biogas generators. The slurry produced as byproduct from the biogas digesters will be transported to the proposed organic fertilizer plant located at Sripur, Gazipur for composting purposes.

Fuel, power and good quality organic fertilizer make biogas investment a commercially viable venture. Moreover, economic benefits derived from such biogas plants in terms of fuel and chemical fertilizer saving can have notable impact on the national economy. In future, the biogas technology is expected to be the driving force for ongoing growth of the poultry industry in Bangladesh.

Solar Irrigation Pump – Grameen Shakti and Rural Services Foundation

IDCOL is financing a 11.2 KWp solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant to run a submersible solar water pump at Shapahar, Naogaon with a capacity of 250,000 liters per day at 35 meter head. A total of 64 solar PV modules with 175 Wp capacity each will be installed to provide the required power to run the pump. Total project cost has been estimated to be BDT 5.275 million, it will be financed through term loan facility following project financing mechanism and a grant from GEF fund. Once completed, it is expected to provide irrigation facilities to more than 3 hectares of land owned by a number of farmers in three seasons. The whole land area under the project will be utilized for paddy cultivation (3 crops) using buried pipe method.

Another similar project to be financed by IDCOL is a 8.4 KW solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant by Rural Service Foundation (RSF) to run a one cusec (cubic feet per second) submersible solar water pump at Baniali, Barinagar, Jessore. A total of 48 solar PV modules with 175 Wp capacity each will be installed to provide the required power to run the pump. It is expected to provide irrigation facilities to more than 22.5 hectares of land through this project and 22 farmers will benefit from it. Buried pipe method will be used to irrigate 5.352 hectares of land for rice crop for three months and 17.13 hectares of land for vegetable cultivation for nine months.

Given the energy crisis and rising price of petroleum products, it is important to explore alternative energy sources for irrigation to ensure both food and energy security. If these Projects become successful, solar photovoltaic based water pumping solution for irrigation might be implemented in larger scale in Bangladesh. It is expected to save 8,000 liters of diesel worth of BDT 0.36 million in a year through these projects.

Solar Micro grid

IDCOL board recently approved financing a 100-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) based micro-grid by PUROBI Green Energy Limited (PGEL) at Sandip island, Chittagong. A 40-kW diesel generator will be integrated into the proposed power plant in order to ensure adequate power supply during periods of low solar radiation. Total project cost is BDT 55.37 million and it will be financed through mix of debt, equity and grant from KfW. PGEL is a consortium of four NGOs namely Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development Grub-Street Economy (BRIDGE), Integrated Development Foundation (IDF), Upokolio Bidyut and Mohila Unnoyon Samity (UBOMOUS) and Rural Energy and Development Initiative (REDI).

Once completed, this Project is expected to supply electricity to adjacent 390 shops, 5 health centers and 5 schools.


National Domestic Biogas and Manure Program

Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) is implementing National Domestic Biogas and Manure Programme (NDBMP) with support from GoB, SNV- Netherlands Development Organization and Kfw. Under the project a total of 37,269 domestic sized biogas plants will be financed during the period 2006-2012. The overall objective of the NDBMP is to further develop and disseminate domestic biogas plants in rural areas with the ultimate goal to establish a sustainable and commercial biogas sector in Bangladesh.

Gas produced through these plants is used for cooking purposes and lighting of rural households. In addition, the slurry, by-product of biogas plants, being a very good organic fertilizer is used to maintain soil fertility and increase crop production. The slurry is also used as fish feed. 

A fixed dome design biogas plant is promoted under this programme. The design is basically two types; a) design for cattle dung and human excreta, and b) design for poultry droppings. Each design has 6 sizes of plants of different capacities. These sizes are 1.2, 1.6, 2.0, 2.4, 3.2 and 4.8 m3 gas production capacity. The gas produces from the last two sizes plants are used for multiple houses whereas other sizes are used for single household.

IDCOL is implementing this programme through partner organizations (PO) including private companies, NGOs, Micro finance institute (MFIs). There are 3 types of POs: (a) Construction Partner Organizations (CPOs), (b) Lending and Construction partner Organizations (LCPOs) and (3) Manufacturing Partner Organization (MPOs). At present 32 POs are implementing NDBMP.

The programme is being implemented in all the districts of Bangladesh. IDCOL provides Taka 9,000 as investment subsidy to the biogas households who install biogas plants as per the specifications and standard set by IDCOL/SNV/Kfw. IDCOL is also providing refinance covering 80% of the LCPOs loan to households at 6% interest rate and 7 year tenor with 1 year grace period. Total project cost is estimated as EUR 23.61 million and will be borne by individual households, SNV, KfW and GOB. 

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